Sprouts contain many essential nutrients and fiber for the body. There are many types of seeds that can grow sprouts, but you need to know what kind of sprouts should be grown and grown to ensure the health of the whole family.
What is sprouts?
Sprouts are new young plants that grow sprouts without soil. Most cases of natural seeds are nutritious enough to germinate and produce two small cotyledons before needing light and soil to grow. Sprouts are very succulent, soft and used throughout the plant, including leaves, deep and easy to sprout. Sprouts are also a great choice for sandwiches and salads.
How to grow sprouts does not need soil at home
1. Prepare tools and materials
Choose sprouts seeds
Should choose seeds specialized for growing sprouts of clear origin. Absolutely do not buy common or unidentified vegetable seeds because these seeds often contain preservatives.
You can grow sprouts with seeds such as white radish, choysum, broccoli, spinach, and spinach.
Planting land (substrate)
Through many scientific experiments the substrate away from coconut fiber dust has been treated to be the best due to its superior properties.
The amount of use is very small for each planting and can be reused many times.
If the foam tray is used (40cm x 50cm x 7cm) as a norm, 2kg of substrate and 30 to 40g of seed are required.
It is common to use coconut fiber as a base to grow sprouts because it contains all the nutrients and it is light so it is easy to transport and use.
Can use many different materials. But the most convenient and easy to use is the foam tray.
Depending on the size of the tray, close the shelf to the appropriate size. Can be closed wooden shelves or iron shelves.
Use soft tissue to line the surface of the substrate before sowing so that after harvest, it will not stick to the vegetables.
Can use soft paper or paper purchased in the code.
The cover is used to cover the surface of the tray for the first 1 to 2 days before sowing.
Use a sprinkler with a sprinkler to irrigate. Steps to grow vegetables.
2. How to grow sprouts
a. Soak seeds
Only take about 2 – 3 tablespoons of seed because then the seedling will grow and occupy enough area of your jar and planting tray. Washed seeds soaked in warm water (45 to 500 degrees) for 2 hours to 5 hours (depending on the type of seeds: long-soaked shells, thin seeds soaked in less time).
For leafy vegetables
Broccoli, spinach, salads: Soak for 3 to 5 hours, incubate for 8 to 12 hours. Ham, spinach: soak for 3 to 5 hours, incubate for 12 to 36 hours.
For spices vegetables
Marjoram, perilla: soak for 3 to 8 hours, incubate for 12 to 14 hours. Need, chives, onions, coriander: soak for about 8 to 12 hours, incubate for 12 to 24 hours.
For fruits and vegetables
Luffa, squash, gourd, eggplant, tomato, cucumber: Soak for 5 to 8 hours, incubate for 12 to 14 hours. Okra: Soak for 8 to 12 hours, incubate for 12 to 14 hours. Dragon beans, bitter melon: soak for 12 to 14 hours, incubate for 24 to 48 hours.
Soaking seeds so that after soaking, we can remove the seeds, deep seeds. Then take out and drain. The purpose of seed drying is to make it easy to sow.
b. Make a base
Styrofoam tray for the base can be about 2 to 3cm thick. Make the surface flat to avoid cornering when sowing. Then spray water to wet the substrate. Spread absorbent paper over the surface of the substrate and spray the second water.
The purpose of spreading absorbent paper is to prevent the substrate from sticking to the tree causing contamination when harvested.
Sow seeds with your hands evenly on the surface of the substrate. Sowing density depends on the type of seed, but averages about 10 grams of seeds on an area of 40 square meters of substrate.
Spray water lightly again. Use a rigid cover of the tray surface for 2 days.
d. Take care of trees
After 2 to 3 days of germinating seeds, transfer the tray to a place with plenty of light or light, avoid direct sunlight and direct rain.
Water every day with a sprayer, twice a day early in the morning and in the afternoon, spray evenly on the tray.
Use a sharp knife to cut the root of the sprout vegetable (or pull the vegetable off the ground, cut off the roots with scissors). Rinse with clean water and use immediately.
Note: if the vegetables are not used immediately, do not wash them but put them in a bag in the cooler of the refrigerator. You can store them in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days.
Sprouts must be grown in a cool place with lots of light but not grown in areas with sunlight, direct rain and drafts. 1 to 2 days after sowing the Carton paper, spray the mist lightly enough to wet the tray face. 1 day before harvesting reduce irrigation or stop watering depending on the moisture content of the substrate.