Harms due to errors in planting techniques

Ridiculous or erroneous care of ornamental plants or care for unusual changes in the tree, causing the plant to be diseased or damaged can lead to death.

Golden leaf: Yellow leaves and falling leaves are normal, but young leaves are growing yellow and fall often can be due to excess light, the roots are infested by insects or fungi, root rot caused by fertilization. lots of water or too much water ..

Black-tipped leaf: may be due to two causes: excess nitrogen or water with high salt or chlorine. In some varieties, the old leaves before yellowing and fall often also black-tipped leaves.

Root rot: Too much water, or poorly ventilated or too old, may be caused by too much fertilizer.

Wrinkle irritation: Irrigation is not sufficiently moist or the root system is severely damaged. It may also be due to unplanned extraction, after removal of new roots.

Plants do not flower: When the plants mature, the rest of the crop is not properly respected or the tree is not bright enough during the growing season.

Yellow buds and fall: Usually due to high day temperatures. So when the flower starts to rise, it should cover the light directly below 50%. Yellow flower buds are also found in late flowering varieties in March and April, when the day is high. It should be placed in a cool and moist place. Nitrogen and phosphorus also cause the phenomenon.

Make use of organic waste as a fertilizer for ornamental plants

Solid waste is an endless source of material for many countries around the world. If we make use of them, they will become raw materials, but if they can not be treated, waste will become a national problem. The composition of solid waste has many kinds: inorganic and organic. Garments can be recycled and can not be recycled. As a result, solid waste can be divided into occupational, industrial, agricultural and medical waste. By toxicity, solid waste is classified into two categories, toxic and toxic to humans, livestock and the environment.

In this article, we refer to solid waste in daily life, in which the study of garbage can be utilized, processed into micro-organism to grow plants, vegetables, beans, household size and administrative units, agencies, urban enterprises and rural areas.

The results of utilizing waste at source will reduce waste to be transported to landfill, save money for the State and people, save land resources, prolong the life of landfills, Utilizing waste, bringing economic benefits, associated with environmental protection.

Method of implementation: Use organic waste daily, such as vegetables, roots, fruits, chop them into strips, put into plastic buckets with a capacity of 15 to 120 liters, depending on the level of waste of each family. Bioproducts have the effect of activating the rapid decomposition of organic substances. Remove the husk ash spread over a thin layer of about 2 – 5cm up, cover, cover the corner or a suitable place to avoid rain water flowing. Daily for additional organic waste, yeast probiotics and rice husk ash, concentrated within 1 week. When near full bucket will move to the second bucket. Note find the location to poke appropriate. Decomposition of organic waste into micro-organism after 20-25 days. Garbage and put into the pot to grow flowers, plants, vegetables, beans.

For households with garden land, dig holes with a capacity of about 1 m 3 / hole, digging two to three holes together, making roofs or roofs simple to cover rain, sunshine for garbage pits. make fertilizer In addition to organic waste, if there is manure mixed with garbage and probiotics, rice husk ash, will form high quality organic micro-organism. For waste, muddy soil can be used to cover the hills.

In the composting process, it produces gas. For mud pits such as composting manure, gas appears, the mud cover will split itself into each other to escape gas. For plastic bucket to store garbage, gas occurs after about a week, so when the lid is open, should wear a mask or not covered too carefully. The amount of gas released is not high, so the impact on health and environment is not significant.

On average, each day, each person emits 250 to 400 grams of garbage. Households with a size of 5 persons / household will discharge from 1,250 to nearly 2 kg / day / household. Thus, after 7 days, will release 12kg, combined with rice husk ash, so if using bucket 15 liters, can store waste in a week / household. Using a paint container will be more durable and cheaper than buying a plastic bucket or a new bin to store the waste. The microbiological supplement should not smell bad and do not pollute the environment. In the composting process, if the garbage is too dry, it should be sprayed with water, creating a humidity of about 50-60%, which will facilitate microorganisms to grow and easily decompose organic matter. The composted garbage will be transformed into pots of flowers, ornamental plants, vegetables, beans, on the shelves, on balconies, terraces or other suitable places.

The simple benefit of producing fertilizer is not much, but if the costs of collecting, transporting, treating garbage and building waste land are taken into account, the waste from many households, agencies, enterprises This will significantly reduce the state budget and also contribute to the cleanliness of the environment.

How to bend wire bending ornamental branches

Paring and bending are the two methods of bending trees in shaping ornamental plants, in this article we will guide in detail these two methods.

Bending by wire

Crimp is the first lesson to make a bonsai. If we do not know how to bend properly, we can not make a beautiful bonsai. To make beautiful branches, it is necessary to have the difficulty of the curves. If we do not bend the string properly, we can not bend the tree to our liking.

To begin with, I instructed you to bend from the trunk, the small branch. Before we bend we have to determine what is the shape of the bending, why do you often ask me to draw a draft? Then people do not just do not know, but I know everyone looks, suppose only one tree from the bottom up as stark as a lamp, people can see the whole tree It’s like I drafted it for you. When a tree is bent we bend in principle from big to small, which means that we have to bend the largest branch to the next small branch, from the tree to branch, branches. The concept of primary branches is the main branch, the branches are divided from primary to secondary, then to secondary, and the next. These are the words that need to be unified. In one of the most beautiful bonsai is able to be level 5, which makes level 5 to avoid being limp is very difficult, most of you level 3 is finished.

First bend from the stem first. An experience to support the rope for you, if we bend the ropes for the big branches, to go a stretch we prepare to bend, we should take twice as long as the bending path, branches to much. When bending is tight, do not cut the excess. With small branches, small strings we only need to fold in half. This is the relative rate, the small experience itself see. As mentioned, this tree, for one strand, goes best with the least strings, especially those with less curvature, we bend from the stem. First cut the branches identified as not used.

With the wire wrapped, so little use, later the shell is only moist, very susceptible to mold, easy to eat bark, should use aluminum ceiling than the cover. And not to be uncomfortable when you do, the cover is just sloppy, we bend the hook. I pin one head to the ground to fix it as a fulcrum. Bending in the direction of the bending direction we want to bend, then the wire will go into the body, bending the opposite wire will open. To bend a tree properly, we bend about 450, the force hitch hugging the body, trying to bend evenly – just look aesthetically with the force to bend, one hand holds the bending part nearest as a fulcrum, one hand wires and bends.

Here, a technique to avoid, most of us originally bending branches, usually at the crossroads of branches or we are torn (cracked), to overcome, we bend in the way: to the fork three rounds it is hard, there is more (for the pet) we turn around a branch. Another experience of bending, to find the bending direction to force the wire to tighten, after selecting the finished face, all the branches on the left bend to the left – counter clockwise (viewed from this branch) , when we bend the end of the wire, we must lock the rope – the cords crossed the rope again, the branches will not slip and be pulled out of the rope, cutting the excess rope so that the rope back to the aesthetic. To bend the right branch, we bend to the main body to be the fulcrum, bending in the direction of clockwise (from the top).

Crimp for small branches in the same direction with big branches. Bending so that the wire bending under the branches – branches remain the same. Bending to the final limb.

Borrowing branches

Crimp is finished, we come to bending body, shake coal is arbitrary, feel each other. When bending does not need to know, but at the point – the curve must have a locking point at that point, not to be torn, broken branches. Note when bending need to turn the tree – branch with bending.

To bend branches, shake the depths, shake the first one back (not most), the second to break the front but slightly down a bit (like springs) to create depth of depth. According to the size of the branches, shrinkage. Normally a spike makes about 5 co. However, we avoid equality, and our emphasis is on corrosion – sparse, rounded – distorted, but must follow the whole. For monstrous (soft-bending), we use 2 small shrubs in a coil. From a creative aesthetic perspective of each person will create different but different.

The branches are brittle, to bend, we bend the type of spring, just bending spin. Should have a branch on each vertex, between the two ends should also have a branch to create frost – the thickness of the branches, called chasing branches, choose to cover the space and not be hidden, Like the main shrubs for branches – secondary branches. Branches in square steps, should not bend down to the main branches (except fir trees). We bend the small branches at the branches create triangular deflection here. The top of the tree, which is close to the body, is in the opposite direction of the body.

When making the tops, do not use as many branches as the top but only one branch to the top, so that the tops are not edged.