How to care for Bonsai

Bonsai, as well as orchids, are very easy to grow, but it is very difficult to keep them if we plant them properly and do not have time to care. Bonsai is more difficult than orchids because of the way to grow in the soil, the soil is very dry. Fertilizer too much tree grows in the form of bonsai, less feces, not enough nutrients will die. Water and light also, what is just enough not excess not missing.

One of the most important factors behind the chosen tree is the pot. Pots should be suitable for plants, round pots, square pots, rectangular pots, polygons, ovals. The color of the pot should be in tune with the tree to create a more balanced balance with the tree.

In addition to the pots, Bonsai must also be accompanied by moss, it makes the necklace and the Japanese often prefer to stone beautiful with the bonsai or to the side to increase the rhythm (accent) of the tree.

Your bonsai should be placed in a well-lit place. If there is not enough UV (ultraviolet light), the plant will die. During the day, the tree should be kept warm at a minimum temperature of 60 degrees F. At such a temperature the tree can regenerate its energy and develop normally. You should spray the leaves regularly. Never, ever, put your bonsai on a disc or a pot full of water, as this can cause root rot. And in the evening, of course, you can cool the bonsai tree, as well as place it in the natural environment.

You should replace the pots for the plant every two years, and preferably instead of the spring. When you go to pots, you need to prune roots. Depending on the size of the roots, trim from 1/3 to 2/3 from the root tip. You may want to replace the old pot with a similar pot to maintain the old effect. And remember to drain the drainage system for the tree. If it is too wet roots will rot. Bonsai pots are more shallow than other common indoor pots. So, if you want to fertilize the plants, you need to dilute the fertilizer to match, otherwise the liquid will burn the roots. Bonsai need to be fertilized about once every 3 weeks – but do not apply it in winter.

Your bonsai needs to be trimmed and bent regularly to maintain the desired shape. You should do this in the spring – before the vegetation season begins to develop, and then do it often throughout the spring. You need to know what kind of tree you have before cutting it – for example, if you have a banyan, you should prune all the leaves.

Since your bonsai is placed in a shallow pot, it can be very susceptible to pests and diseases. Frequent watering to maintain moisture also facilitates insect pests such as aphids, caterpillars, ants and red spiders. You always have to pay attention to the unusual signs of trees to detect pests and diseases in time. When there are abnormal signs, pesticides should be used. The most common diseases in bonsai are fungal diseases. If you see a layer of white powder covering the shoots and leaves, it means that your plants have been infected with Mindi. You need to consult the experts to treat the plant because the fungus has a very fast growth.

When you look at the bonsai you pay much attention to the leaves of the tree. If you see an orange or brown rust on the leaves, that is probably too much potassium. If your bonsai does not have enough iron, the leaves will turn yellow while the veins remain blue. This disease usually occurs in soils containing chalk or limestone – the soil that keeps the iron. In this case, replace the pots and replace the compost.

You should wash the bonsai regularly with a small brush. Do not leave any part of the plant on the ground after you have pruned – it will decompose and give rise to fungal and moss diseases. Some people think that moss is a plant ornament and does not want to be mossed. In this case it is advisable to keep the moss from growing on the trunk and branches – using a special fly, or a nylon toothbrush to remove the moss on those areas. Use tweezers to remove the grass – remember that any grass can absorb nutrients from the plant.

The planting and care of bonsai is an art. If you want to find out more thoroughly and thoroughly, look for books, materials and consult with experienced players. Hope the above tips help you to imagine what work to do after buying a home grown bonsai and enjoy.

Technique transfer pots ornamental plants

Turning pots is a must-have for bonsai and bonsai players. Long time no pots, damaged trees. Transfer of false pots to sick plants and remove branches or die. Most of the houses are more or less ornamental or exterior decoration. Therefore, the introduction of pelvic transfer technology is very necessary.

Move to 6 different purposes

– Plants grown in pots perennial, hard soil, colorless, rooted plants clinging to a thick layer around the pots. Summer sunlight into the pots heat the roots inside, the tree back to the end should die out and die. Compelled to transfer to replace the land for trees.

– For Cymbidium, in addition to the above purpose, the purpose is to propagate (spread).

– Fix roots, cut root rot, excess roots, mold for beautiful roots, raise root emerged.

– Change pots, tanks are growing into a pot, other tanks to suit the tree, increasing the artistic value of the tree.

– Changing the look of the tree is more spectacular than the old one.

– Drainage in waterlogged pots.

– Leave the plant out of the pot: Avoid digging and absolutely not be pulled up root. In this way, the tree is cut off its roots and dead. If the soil in the pots, we put the pot on the soft ground, two hands holding the mouth of the pot to tilt the pot forward, pulling back quickly several times. So turn the pots that lay. All the land will separate from the pots, we just pour out the tree, intact. If the tree is big, a pelican falls, a tree supporter.

If the land is cut, I take a stick of iron head flat poke around the pots down to the bottom. Then do the same.

In addition, the root canal is used to push the entire root through the drainage hole at the bottom of the pot. If we have not yet, we water the water to thoroughly bundle the whole pot or use the last measure is to immerse the pot into the water waiting for water to infiltrate the soil in the pot, we put the plant out, drain and lay As mentioned above, it will be easy to pour out the plants.

To see pots swell hips, mouths under the pots, re-planted for a long time without repotting, apply the above measures can not be, with the roots live, use a knife straight to the bottom of the pot and round The pots and pour out, with precious trees or plants that are hard to calculate which pots are not worth the pot should be dams for trees.

The orchids do not allow the peach, digging, rooting, but only watering the roots to remove the pot from the bowl and gently shaking the pot spreading. The roots are big but very crispy, so be careful not to break.

– Treatment of rhizomes using cutting edges around and under the bottom of the roots. The roots are cut very neatly without breaking down roots quickly regenerated. Trees on the ground always reflect the status of underground roots. At the head easily cut off will be spraying more bunches of new roots to be eaten new soil should grow strong. Limit the use of sharp rods or rake to drain the soil so that roots can be severely damaged so the rot and dead trees. Root picking must also be done at the same time. The other three purposes are to make sure that at least half of the new soil is replaced, the rooted pickling frame is suitable for the pot, which will help to put the plant into the pot. the shape should be corrected.

If the bottom of the tree is too long wood, it is the remnant of the branch branch when cut more deeply cut at the cuttings always have to cut under the gourd, the larger, the longer the excess wood, the tree can not. Planted into the tray, tank. I cut off the cutters with a light saw.

– Replanting the plant into a pot: Choose a pot, color tank, shape size suitable for the tree and 10 drains. At the bottom of the pot must be large. If the pot has as many drainage as possible. Get ready for the right type of land. The soil used to transport pots must be completely dry. If the soil has been exposed to the place of sale semi-positive (shed, patio) year and then as good. Planting pots requires knowledge. The first is the drainage hole. Easy plants, stagnant water does not die a little, just put a piece of porcelain up the hole is. Choose a piece of chinaware when facing the channel hole. The trees require fast drainage, such as orchids, orchids, azaleas, as well as the use of high-grade piece of crockery up a little.

Then place a bottom layer of solid coal slags, then lay the soil, then cover the soil to invite the tree. Around the pots also litter and then small. Surrounding the root musters for the entire soil. On the surface of the pot also lay a large clay soil to prevent water splashing on the ground and cause the pellets to pelvis. Normally other plants do not need so picky, just note that around the root must always for colored soil.

Important is the position of the stem in the pot, the need for the middle or the deviation of any side, the lower height of the correct plate, the correct shape. To do this, we put trees, insert temporary soil and then look at four faces, watching close and watching from afar to adjust, ever tree in the best position to fill the land. Ground around the gourd slowly from each layer, using the rod head, then shake the pot, followed by watering the rain pattern for the soil to enter every corner of the root, there is no new hole.

Plants such as tea, azaleas, cymbals are comfortable lumps of large soil on the pot. Other plants can not enter the soil filled mouth, so that when the water will drain away immediately, at least to run around the groove to keep the water to drain.

Harms due to errors in planting techniques

Ridiculous or erroneous care of ornamental plants or care for unusual changes in the tree, causing the plant to be diseased or damaged can lead to death.

Golden leaf: Yellow leaves and falling leaves are normal, but young leaves are growing yellow and fall often can be due to excess light, the roots are infested by insects or fungi, root rot caused by fertilization. lots of water or too much water ..

Black-tipped leaf: may be due to two causes: excess nitrogen or water with high salt or chlorine. In some varieties, the old leaves before yellowing and fall often also black-tipped leaves.

Root rot: Too much water, or poorly ventilated or too old, may be caused by too much fertilizer.

Wrinkle irritation: Irrigation is not sufficiently moist or the root system is severely damaged. It may also be due to unplanned extraction, after removal of new roots.

Plants do not flower: When the plants mature, the rest of the crop is not properly respected or the tree is not bright enough during the growing season.

Yellow buds and fall: Usually due to high day temperatures. So when the flower starts to rise, it should cover the light directly below 50%. Yellow flower buds are also found in late flowering varieties in March and April, when the day is high. It should be placed in a cool and moist place. Nitrogen and phosphorus also cause the phenomenon.

Make use of organic waste as a fertilizer for ornamental plants

Solid waste is an endless source of material for many countries around the world. If we make use of them, they will become raw materials, but if they can not be treated, waste will become a national problem. The composition of solid waste has many kinds: inorganic and organic. Garments can be recycled and can not be recycled. As a result, solid waste can be divided into occupational, industrial, agricultural and medical waste. By toxicity, solid waste is classified into two categories, toxic and toxic to humans, livestock and the environment.

In this article, we refer to solid waste in daily life, in which the study of garbage can be utilized, processed into micro-organism to grow plants, vegetables, beans, household size and administrative units, agencies, urban enterprises and rural areas.

The results of utilizing waste at source will reduce waste to be transported to landfill, save money for the State and people, save land resources, prolong the life of landfills, Utilizing waste, bringing economic benefits, associated with environmental protection.

Method of implementation: Use organic waste daily, such as vegetables, roots, fruits, chop them into strips, put into plastic buckets with a capacity of 15 to 120 liters, depending on the level of waste of each family. Bioproducts have the effect of activating the rapid decomposition of organic substances. Remove the husk ash spread over a thin layer of about 2 – 5cm up, cover, cover the corner or a suitable place to avoid rain water flowing. Daily for additional organic waste, yeast probiotics and rice husk ash, concentrated within 1 week. When near full bucket will move to the second bucket. Note find the location to poke appropriate. Decomposition of organic waste into micro-organism after 20-25 days. Garbage and put into the pot to grow flowers, plants, vegetables, beans.

For households with garden land, dig holes with a capacity of about 1 m 3 / hole, digging two to three holes together, making roofs or roofs simple to cover rain, sunshine for garbage pits. make fertilizer In addition to organic waste, if there is manure mixed with garbage and probiotics, rice husk ash, will form high quality organic micro-organism. For waste, muddy soil can be used to cover the hills.

In the composting process, it produces gas. For mud pits such as composting manure, gas appears, the mud cover will split itself into each other to escape gas. For plastic bucket to store garbage, gas occurs after about a week, so when the lid is open, should wear a mask or not covered too carefully. The amount of gas released is not high, so the impact on health and environment is not significant.

On average, each day, each person emits 250 to 400 grams of garbage. Households with a size of 5 persons / household will discharge from 1,250 to nearly 2 kg / day / household. Thus, after 7 days, will release 12kg, combined with rice husk ash, so if using bucket 15 liters, can store waste in a week / household. Using a paint container will be more durable and cheaper than buying a plastic bucket or a new bin to store the waste. The microbiological supplement should not smell bad and do not pollute the environment. In the composting process, if the garbage is too dry, it should be sprayed with water, creating a humidity of about 50-60%, which will facilitate microorganisms to grow and easily decompose organic matter. The composted garbage will be transformed into pots of flowers, ornamental plants, vegetables, beans, on the shelves, on balconies, terraces or other suitable places.

The simple benefit of producing fertilizer is not much, but if the costs of collecting, transporting, treating garbage and building waste land are taken into account, the waste from many households, agencies, enterprises This will significantly reduce the state budget and also contribute to the cleanliness of the environment.

Guide to take care of sesame buds

Sesame is a wood, long life, beautiful flowers should be planted as ornamental plants. At one time, sesame trees were hunted because many people hunt. However, now that sesame buds are easy to propagate should not have the same price as before, but still many fans because of the flower and its name.

Sesame leaves are hydrophilic, easy to grow, easy to care but the lobster area is easy to die but many unknown causes do not know how to overcome.

Sesame vultures are living on angels, pots that show signs of wilting, the small branches, withered and dried (remove the branches). If you do not pay attention just a few months drunk, the bark will no longer resin, is separated from the wood, then there is no recovery. The phenomenon is due to the following reasons:

To put the rootstock in water for too long, the water in the basin is heavily polluted due to the water so long, soaking the water. Tree roots are blocked due to lack of oxygen. And to overcome the phenomenon of dead trees we do the following.

When the tree is removed

Remove the stem from the basin, then spray the soil on the pedestal and the roots to reveal a root (do not break the full pot). Then use sharp knife to cut the rotten roots (cut to the end of the rotten root only). Wash the roots, roots again with clean water and place the tree in a shady, no wind pulling.

Wait for the roots and roots to dry, using stimulants to root several times on the cut. Get old sacks or clothes cover the roots. Cleaning ang, pots: remove old soil and wash pot sinks. If there is no drainage hole, drain holes. When the need to hold water will use tight button material.

Using porous soils mixed with some slag of charcoal, manure slurry, some microorganisms (kind used for ornamental plants) (not use NPK fertilizers for rice, vegetables).

After treating the rootstock for about 3 days, use the prepared soil to replant. Newly planted trees must be rooted, using sprayers, irrigating the soil sufficiently moist. Leave the trees in shady or sun-blocking, shielding the trees.

Take care of trees

Daily spray water enough for the soil and spray on branches, leaves, trunks so that trees do not lack water and should not be root peduncles, roots in the basin, the new leaves are small.

Observe that if the tree is normal, sprouting new peace of mind because the tree has been restored. Continue to take care of the plant for complete restoration. If the tree is fully restored, place the tree in a place with plenty of light or remove the sunscreen material, cover the wind.

For young trees, it should only keep the soil in the pot is always wet.

Do not water dirt for sesame buds. When trees can contain water in angels, pots but several months also have to change the water to not be severely contaminated causing the tree to suffocate.
The above is a small experience, please boldly exchange for you to try the phenomenon.

How to bend wire bending ornamental branches

Paring and bending are the two methods of bending trees in shaping ornamental plants, in this article we will guide in detail these two methods.

Bending by wire

Crimp is the first lesson to make a bonsai. If we do not know how to bend properly, we can not make a beautiful bonsai. To make beautiful branches, it is necessary to have the difficulty of the curves. If we do not bend the string properly, we can not bend the tree to our liking.

To begin with, I instructed you to bend from the trunk, the small branch. Before we bend we have to determine what is the shape of the bending, why do you often ask me to draw a draft? Then people do not just do not know, but I know everyone looks, suppose only one tree from the bottom up as stark as a lamp, people can see the whole tree It’s like I drafted it for you. When a tree is bent we bend in principle from big to small, which means that we have to bend the largest branch to the next small branch, from the tree to branch, branches. The concept of primary branches is the main branch, the branches are divided from primary to secondary, then to secondary, and the next. These are the words that need to be unified. In one of the most beautiful bonsai is able to be level 5, which makes level 5 to avoid being limp is very difficult, most of you level 3 is finished.

First bend from the stem first. An experience to support the rope for you, if we bend the ropes for the big branches, to go a stretch we prepare to bend, we should take twice as long as the bending path, branches to much. When bending is tight, do not cut the excess. With small branches, small strings we only need to fold in half. This is the relative rate, the small experience itself see. As mentioned, this tree, for one strand, goes best with the least strings, especially those with less curvature, we bend from the stem. First cut the branches identified as not used.

With the wire wrapped, so little use, later the shell is only moist, very susceptible to mold, easy to eat bark, should use aluminum ceiling than the cover. And not to be uncomfortable when you do, the cover is just sloppy, we bend the hook. I pin one head to the ground to fix it as a fulcrum. Bending in the direction of the bending direction we want to bend, then the wire will go into the body, bending the opposite wire will open. To bend a tree properly, we bend about 450, the force hitch hugging the body, trying to bend evenly – just look aesthetically with the force to bend, one hand holds the bending part nearest as a fulcrum, one hand wires and bends.

Here, a technique to avoid, most of us originally bending branches, usually at the crossroads of branches or we are torn (cracked), to overcome, we bend in the way: to the fork three rounds it is hard, there is more (for the pet) we turn around a branch. Another experience of bending, to find the bending direction to force the wire to tighten, after selecting the finished face, all the branches on the left bend to the left – counter clockwise (viewed from this branch) , when we bend the end of the wire, we must lock the rope – the cords crossed the rope again, the branches will not slip and be pulled out of the rope, cutting the excess rope so that the rope back to the aesthetic. To bend the right branch, we bend to the main body to be the fulcrum, bending in the direction of clockwise (from the top).

Crimp for small branches in the same direction with big branches. Bending so that the wire bending under the branches – branches remain the same. Bending to the final limb.

Borrowing branches

Crimp is finished, we come to bending body, shake coal is arbitrary, feel each other. When bending does not need to know, but at the point – the curve must have a locking point at that point, not to be torn, broken branches. Note when bending need to turn the tree – branch with bending.

To bend branches, shake the depths, shake the first one back (not most), the second to break the front but slightly down a bit (like springs) to create depth of depth. According to the size of the branches, shrinkage. Normally a spike makes about 5 co. However, we avoid equality, and our emphasis is on corrosion – sparse, rounded – distorted, but must follow the whole. For monstrous (soft-bending), we use 2 small shrubs in a coil. From a creative aesthetic perspective of each person will create different but different.

The branches are brittle, to bend, we bend the type of spring, just bending spin. Should have a branch on each vertex, between the two ends should also have a branch to create frost – the thickness of the branches, called chasing branches, choose to cover the space and not be hidden, Like the main shrubs for branches – secondary branches. Branches in square steps, should not bend down to the main branches (except fir trees). We bend the small branches at the branches create triangular deflection here. The top of the tree, which is close to the body, is in the opposite direction of the body.

When making the tops, do not use as many branches as the top but only one branch to the top, so that the tops are not edged.

Tanuki technique: grafting young plants with dead trees or driftwood

Tanuki is a Japanese word that describes a technique in bonsai art. Technique taniki is using dead trees, or driftwood has curves, bending and size available and relatively young plants are growing to shape.

The taniki technique helps us to restore the value of dead trees, and to use any living species we like to create an old-fashioned bonsai.

If we like spare parts, cypress, casuarinas, yellow chrysanthemums, white apricot blossom, shade, me, tea painting, , we can all apply. And so, tanuki gives us more freedom while selecting objects (dead and living plants) to shorten the time for a young tree to become an ancient art bouquet and may have many tastes. more inspirational, more creative in shaping techniques.

Materials needed to implement this technique

Dead stems or driftwood are tough, resistant to moisture. The root diameter and the branches are large and small, as you like and depending on our ability to search.
Coil, drill, some sponges or rubber.
Seedlings are growing rapidly.


We have a driftwood or driftwood that drills, drills grooved in length and trains from root to tip (from one to many grooves). The grooves are perforated, somehow they have two grooves on the sides of the groove and the diameter of the groove is slightly larger than the diameter of the seedlings we wish to apply.

This is quite important in tanuki

The plants we choose are fast growing, very suitable for this technique. We place, insert seedlings into the grooves (Figure), from the bottom of the driftwood to the top or appropriate branches.

Pay attention: Do not bark or bark off the carpentry

Then use a sponge, peel off the stem, and use zinc wire tightened from the root to the top (Figure). The purpose is to use sponge to not eat the bark on the bark right, and therefore do not create stain on the stem later. Then, plant a pot with relative depth, so that the seedlings develop.

Soil should be planted so that roots can absorb a lot of oxygen, develop the factor. It is recommended to use nitrogenous fertilizers (N) to help the plant grow faster.

When the seedlings are large, it must first develop and fill the grooves, and then the grooves, before spilling out the grooves. Once the tree has grown and begins to spill out of the groove, we can cut the wire and take out the sponge.

Let the tree grow freely for a few years, that is, do not prune, during which time, we have time to shape the tree more into the details. Then use the copper wire, zinc rolls and break the shape that we want.

Continue to keep the branches to grow as desired

The remaining parts of the driftwood, depending on the level of technical and aesthetic we are able to apply, we can apply different techniques such as Jin, shari, Saba-Miki (peeled, to plant trees naturally, and improve the technique of the tree.

After shaping, and applying the necessary techniques to the tree and when the tree is almost complete, we can find a beautiful bats appropriate to the design, size of the bonsai to replace.

Because of these reasons, we all recognize that bonsai is an art and is different from conventional potted plants.

With the technique of taniki, we will shorten the time of shaping and we have the roots, stalks, branches of driftwood the best and finally the kind that we like most.