Common mistakes when taking care of aquatic plants

Taking care of aquatic plants requires certain knowledge about ornamental plants and especially the knowledge of aquatic plants, in this article we will mention common mistakes when caring for particular ornamental plants. Planted in aquatic environment.

1. Hasty

This is the most common mistake, the new people practice playing or want to have a beautiful lake, stabilize it immediately, want the plants to grow fast and drop the shrimps soon. An aquarium 1 is a miniature ecosystem created by itself, and an ecosystem that is closely linked to many factors, so we cannot perfect them in a hurry.

2. Use too many lights for an aquarium unnecessarily

This is a mistake I want to mention Monday because there are 9 new players who have 9 you want to be bright. Do you not find out if the plants you need really need a lot of lights? Or are you ignoring the needs of the trees in the lake and only turning on the lights to serve your eyes? Light is a large amount of energy you provide to the aquarium, if the shade-loving plants suffer from a large amount of light, it is very weak, easy to yellow, burn leaves. Also when the excess energy, moss will have to appear to absorb that energy. Even light-sensitive plants are easier to work with when you use moderate light, which helps to provide more co2 or water.

Tips for using lights for aquatic plants

If you play the Moss plants, moss, nana, live plants’ ferns (Shade plants), you only need to use a small amount of light, for example a 60cm wide 30cm tank only requires 1 t8 ball or 1 ball 5h0 high up is enough (1 light, not 1 light), lighting time can be 8 hours, but should be open for 5-6 hours when the set up increases weekly. If the lake 60 is 40cm wide, it is recommended to use 2 t8 balls, if it is T5Ho, it only needs 1 ball in the first time, then gradually increase to 2 balls when the lake is stabilized, put it up to 10-15cm high the better. If it is Led, you should adjust the low level and also raise it high.

If you play bucep: bucep is a slow growing tree, so it is easy to get harmful. Bucep will be nice if you use a lot of light, but the ability to moss is also very high, so my advice is when planting bucepen you should use medium light is enough, the plant is both beautiful and clean and not mossy attack. This sufficient amount of light can be like a moss of dx on the top or slightly increased.

If you plant a lot of trees, Dutch style: these plants are light-demanding (Sun plants), but don’t think you need to provide too much light for your tank. You can use twice as much light as a moss pond, dx is enough, but remember to increase gradually from less to higher.

3. Lazy learn

Understanding here is not necessarily intensive, scholarly. Learn simply by taking the necessary knowledge to prepare you in this hobby. In terms of plant physiology, you cannot plant trees in a hot environment, for example, or raising fish and shrimps, you need to know about physiological characteristics of each type. With the development of technology, you can almost find the most necessary information. And I make sure that with a bit of diligence to learn and read, combined with the experience drawn over time, you will succeed soon.

4. Apply information too rigid, lack of refinement

This is another common mistake. Aquariums have many types, styles and ways to play. Each different aquarium has a completely different micro-environment and environment system. So it is quite unreasonable for you to apply completely 1 experience, the way to play 1 lake for your lake. For example, you can not apply the number of lights of a tree and then use it to grow a pond at home. The aquatic experience is like the face towel, the toothbrush of each person, you can look at it, buy it and use it, you can’t take it and use it immediately.

Advice: should receive comments, experience screening and apply a logical way and adjust for reasonable.

5. Release fish and shrimps soon

Nature lovers must love the smallest creatures of mother nature. Some shrimps, tiny, cheap fish, but they are also the souls worthy of attention and care for the players. Many new players often rush to drop shrimps too soon, right after setting up the lake or during the period before the microbiological system is stable (usually 3 to 4 weeks), and the possibility of dead shrimp in this time is very high. On the other hand, when the shrimps die during the unstable period, the system will continue to make the system more difficult to stabilize.

Advice: after setting up the tank, run the filter for 3 to 4 weeks so stocking the shrimps, can light the microorganisms, and oxygenate the microorganisms for faster growth. In case of early release of shrimps, you can use microbial API Quickstart.

6. Drop too many fish, release inappropriate fish, feed fish too much, take care of fish too much

Aquariums have to be released as a natural thing, but many of you are too involved with fish but drop too much, or drop unsuitable fish. Organic matter in fish feces is a major cause of microbalance imbalance and causes moss outbreaks – the number one enemy of aquariums. Another important issue is that you should feed fish moderately, once a day, which is enough, because fish food is a very large organic source. Limit your hands to the lake and avoid taking care of the fish too much unnecessarily.


A moderate amount of fish should be stocked, eg a 100 liter tank of water – 60 cm, so only release 30 to 40 aquatic fish such as neon fish, red head squirrel, lake 90cm (200 liters of water) can drop 60-70 fish , and a 1m2 (300 liter) tank can stock 90-100 fish.

The type of fish should be limited to stocking in the aquarium is: mackerel (you can drop a few fish for the first time to fish off the viscosity from driftwood), 7-color fish, first bee fish (should drop less), yellow goby (should be limited because of it or digging ground), rat fish (limited because of scratching or scattering the lake dust). Moderate feeding of fish. Do not take care of fish too much.

7. Do not spend time taking care of the lake

Aquariums will always be more beautiful and stable if cared and cared for every day. You can only spend 5 to 10 minutes every day cleaning, watching trees and shrimps to see if there are any problems. Harmful mosses when they first appear will be easier to treat than letting them flare up after a few days. Aquatic plants, fish disease, too, if you discover any problems early and find the right direction, it will be easy and effective. In addition, when you spend less time with your aquarium, your brain will always secrete a substance that causes stress reduction, delighting as an addictive substance, and you will always keep the fire of passion for animals. Play this.

Tip: simply try to spend some time with the lake every day, just enjoy your achievements, and find unsettling problems to find solutions soon.

8. Replace the water too much, clean the tank and filter too well

Many new players think that the new lake, the dirty lake, will replace as many countries as possible, even replacing 100% of the water every day. Actually changing the water and taking care of the lake depends on the lake, each type of substrate … But the root of a stable aquarium is a stable micro-system, and too much water changes will affect the system. this microbe. Besides, the cleaning is also a good thing to do but depending on the lake. There are lakes that only need to clean the filter every few months, even years, but many lakes with sophisticated features should be cleaned monthly.

Tips: do not overdo the water change too much, in case of necessity to change water a lot, it is better to divide it daily. It is recommended to combine with the observation of the lake situation to provide a suitable water change, tank cleaning and filtration plan. Never clean the filter too much and never replace the water and toilet with the same filter for 1 day.

9. Excessive abuse of unnecessary products

The psychology of new players often hears people say or read about aquatic products first and then buy them back into the lake in a blameless way. The use of iron – Fe is essential for aquatic plants and it is often in short supply, but just providing a small amount of Fe is more than enough for all plants in the lake (0.03 to 0.1 mg / l is more than enough). Fe is also a heavy metal that is toxic to plants and shrimps if you are overdose. New players often light Fe from 2 to 3 different sources of water without knowing that they are poisoning and mossing their lakes.

Tips: Consider and explore, ask experienced people to advise you more about aquatic products and how to use them. Avoid using an unreasonable way.

10. Too hasty to conclude when not sure

Many newbie friends and some of you have played aquatic life for a while, often having this mentality. They experience a bad problem or succeed in a certain situation and then confidently argue that other friends will also meet and be forced to deal with themselves. But no, the aquatic knowledge is so big and endless, the new friends do not rush to conclude that 100% of them are sure, even the long-time pro they always consult new people and guide people with 1 moderation. The more they play, the more understanding that nothing is 100% certain in this hobby.

Tips: just experience, learn and draw experience. If possible, share it to help others but don’t make sure to say it, show it in this hobby.

Experience in growing aquatic plants and things to note

It is important for newcomers to choose aquatic plants for aquariums. Should choose aquatic plants that are easy to live, easy to grow, low difficulty.

The article shares experiences, guides and explains why new players should float some aquatic plants before planting or attaching to driftwood rocks on the bottom of the lake.

1. Drop the aquatic plants in the lake before plugging into the lake

Co2 and O2 gas in growing aquatic plants

Most of these plants need to be removed are shallow plants, tissue transplants, or water-leaf plants but have just changed the environment too differently from the old ones. The common point of these plants is that when in the old environment, for example, the concentration of the most important nutrients such as carbon in the air is always very high, many times higher than the aquarium. most balanced. For example, the average amount of CO2 in the air is more than 300 mg / l (300 ppm), while in an extremely good Co2 gas reservoir, it usually stops at 30 ppm, 10 times less.

In tissue culture environment, the plant absorbs a huge amount of Co2 gas in a comfortable and direct way. O2 gas does not need to discuss much about the concentration between shallow and underwater environments. Both Co2 gas and O2 gas are more abundant in the aquifer surface than at the bottom, so the first time drifting is necessary for the tree to not be deficient in these two essential substances.

Nutrition for plants before putting them into aquariums for planting aquatic plants

The plants are exhausted and tissue culture implants mainly through the roots, unlike the nutrient uptake mechanism through leaves, the roots of plants have the ability to select the necessary nutrients without being easily poisoned. In addition, the surface layer of the lake usually has good flow and nutrition is best transferred to the roots and leaves

Environmental shock

In addition to o2 gas, co2 and nutrition gas, the shocking of plants also causes great shock, if this environmental shock is accompanied by a lack of o2, co2, the likelihood of dead plants and leaves will be very high. Aquatic plants need time to adapt, and floating on the surface of the lake is a good way to root trees, adapt to the new environment.


The temperature has a direct effect on the amount of o2 dissolved in the water, if the temperature is cool, the plants will lack o2 gas.

Water pressure

The tree is exhausted when it is launched at the depth of the lake, water pressure is also a cause of stress. The internal pressure needs to be pinched abruptly, from which the metabolic activities in the plant also decrease, from which the plant is difficult to grow and even unable to grow.

The light

This is another reason, some shallow plants need light directly from the sun, and when floating on the surface of the lake, they have access to the energy from the lamp in the best way.

2. Experience drifting aquatic plants before plugging in the background

It is recommended to rinse the plants, remove them from large dust. If it is a tissue culture plant, it is necessary to wash the nutrient gel layer because this solid nutrient is easy to cause mold and bacteria to attack plants.

Gently and carefully with roots and leaves, avoid damaging plants during this sensitive period.

You can insert plants into driftwood near the water surface to fix it, or buy a box like fish in a clip, or you can simply make it quite easily, as long as you leave the tree in the water layer.

Tree should be floating in the surface layer from 3-7 days depending on the tree and in case, when the roots grow out (white), the tree may be ready.

Should choose a lake with stability to float and grow these sensitive plants.

Do not launch too many plants at once in a tank, because there is a chance that the bacteria will attack and spread during the time when the tree is weak.

If you are careful, you can gradually change the depth of the plant to the adapted tree, for example when the tree is already rooted, you attach it to the driftwood branch in the middle of the lake first, then descend to the bottom.

The temperature of the lake floats so cool, ideally from 20 to 26 degrees.

The floating lake should be filtered or scooped out to filter the surface to make the surface layer, providing enough o2 for this time tree.

The floating drift is required to have good co2.

Nutrition of the lake may not be very much, but it must be clean, avoid organic and micro-organism.

Avoid changing too much water and changing the temperature of the aquarium drop this time.

A light dose may be used according to the instructions for tree size bottles such as VitaTM, Seachem advance, ADA Green Gain, Nuphar Faster.

For aquatic plants it is necessary to let them float on the water so that they can get used to the environment in the new lake. Obeying exactly what we have just shared will conquer most aquatic plants in the early stages.

Guide to planting and taking care of orange trees technically

In addition to being loved by the delicious taste, the orange also supports digestion, strengthens the body, enhances eyesight, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, good for the skin, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, and if you love bonsai, you can grow orange trees as ornamental plants in your garden.

1. Prepare planting tools and soil

Planting tools

You can take advantage of cement bags, sacks, pots, trays, foam boxes that are available indoors or empty plots in the garden to grow orange trees. Note: Perforated bottom of the tray for drainage. Planting tools are over 1m in size.

Orange is a light-loving tree and suitable for growing in areas with temperatures between 23 – 29 degrees C.

Land for planting

Orange trees can be grown in many types of soil from valleys, old alluvial soil, newly reclaimed hill land, alluvial soil and alluvial soil … The most suitable soil type is soil, much humus, good drainage, water level. underground under 1m. The arable layer is about 0.8 – 1m thick, the pH is 5 – 7.

Before planting, fertilize manure of decomposed animal manure, lime and dry it for 15-20 days before planting to treat pathogens in the soil.

2. Choose varieties and grow oranges

Currently on the market there are many varieties of saplings and you can choose varieties depending on conditions and preferences.

Oranges are usually propagated by seeds, branching or grafting. The kind of extraction of the branches will quickly turn left but the life expectancy is poor, the roots are weak. Grafted trees are healthier, longevity, healthy root development. Planting with seeds will take longer to produce fruit and productivity is often worse.

Seedlings you can find are available in the seed bar to save time and effort.

The most appropriate time for planting orangering oranges is at the end of the dry season at the beginning of the rainy season or at the end of the rainy season if conditions are available to irrigate.

When planting oranges oranges, holes of size 40 x 40 x 40cm or 60 x 60 x 60cm, high hills need to dig holes larger than 70 x 70 x 70cm. The distance of planting 4 x 5m oranges and oranges planted with a distance of 3 x 3m.

When planting, you use a hoe to dig a hole larger than a little bulb in the middle of the hole, put the seedlings in, use the foot to lightly compress the soil around the root, insert the stakes to fix the tree, avoid the wind to shake the roots, the plants are easy to die. If planting in dry season, after planting need to cover the roots with straw, dry grass to retain moisture.

After planting, immediately irrigate, then continue to water and keep the plants moist for 3 to 5 days during the first 1 month so that the plants can quickly root.

3. Take care

Need to provide enough water for the tree in the dry season, when the fruit is growing and the fruit is about to ripen.

To limit weeds, cover the roots with straw, dry grass, mulch, green manure to break the scum after heavy rains. Weeding the spring crop from January to February and the autumn season from August to September, clearing the entire area once per crop; a year of original cultivating 2-3 times.

After planting follow-up cut off the excess branches and buds growing from the rootstock. About 1-2 months when the tree has begun to root, sprout the tops in the afternoon of 70cm. Retain 7-10 healthy buds, evenly distribute stars around the root, avoiding obscuring light from each other. At the stage of mature trees, regularly remove old branches, pests and branches that have collapsed.


First year: After one month of anise, apply top dressing with diluted nitrogen fertilizer (1%), once every 15-20 days.

Phase 2 – 3: Each year apply 10kg of manure (micro organic fertilizer) + 100g urea + 300g super phosphate + 100g potassium divided into 4 times.

+ 1st time (September – November): 100% organic fertilizer + 100% super phosphate.

+ 2nd time (January – March): 40% urea + 40% potassium.

+ 3rd time (May): 30% urea + 30% potassium.

+ 4th time (July – August): 30% urea + 30% potassium.

Business stage (3rd year onwards) continues to keep the rate of fertilizer and number of fertilizer as above, but increase the amount of fertilizer for each year as follows: 30kg organic fertilizer + 500g super phosphate + 500g urea + 500g potassium.

4. Harvest

Harvest when pods turn from green to yellow (about 20-30 areas of pods). Need to harvest at the right time to create plants to differentiate flower buds well, collect fruits on cool days.

Using scissors for cutting fruit stalks, collect fruits gently to avoid mechanical damage.

Guide to growing lemon trees as ornamental plants

Lemon has a myriad of uses from cooking to beauty, but not everyone knows how to grow lemons in a pot so that the plants grow well and get the most fruits.

Lemon is a fruit that is used a lot in everyday life because of its numerous uses. Not only is the fruit helpful in the kitchen, mixing soft drinks to help with heat, lemon also helps women to beautify their hair such as smooth hair, clean dandruff, treat oily skin, exfoliate and many other effects .

Not only that, all household items can also become clean and shiny thanks to the mild acid found in the lemon. There are many such uses, so it is not uncommon for lemons to be grown by many lovers in the house. To solve the shortage of spacious garden in the city, planting potted plants is a reasonable choice. However, not everyone knows how to grow lemons in pots and take care of them so that lemon is wrong.

Crop planting season

Lemons can be grown year-round throughout the month but the best time to plant them is in March or July, August and October. These are the times when lemons are easily fruitful and grow best.

Choose pots to plant

Many new lemon growers will think of using lemon seeds to grow, this is not wrong but you can take years to wait for results. Therefore, unless you want to plant ornamental plants, buy commercially available plants in markets or places where trees are sold.

When choosing a pot to grow lemons, remember to select pots about 25% larger than the roots of the plants. The most ideal pots are terracotta pots because they have higher porosity and evapotranspiration capacity than plastic pots. This is an important factor that helps plants grow well because lemons are an aversion to water retention.

Repotting should be done every 2 years, consistent with the size of the plant. Usually each time the repotting should choose larger pots than the old one and should conduct repotting in winter.

Choose a soil

Quality and soil types are also one of the top concerns when growing lemon trees. Lemons can be grown on a variety of soil types, but it is best to be porous and loamy. Soil type with a pH of about 5.5 to 7 is most suitable.


Remember to apply fertilizer to plants about once a month during the growing season, around February, March and August 10.

A potted lemon tree needs a balanced amount of fertilizer 18-18-18. When lemons begin to flower, add powdered red potassium fertilizer to lemon quickly.


For those who first plant lemon, the problem of watering plants is really difficult. Because lemons are a type of plant that requires an appropriate amount of water, more or less water can cause the fruit to fall, or even kill the tree. If the soil is too dry, salt may appear and damage the roots. Therefore, it is necessary to keep the soil to ensure reasonable moisture.

If you want to check if the soil has enough moisture, press your finger deep into the soil about 2 to 3 cm, if it feels dry, water it immediately. In hot and windy days, water plants more often. And avoid leaving pots in a place with too much wind.


Although the plant is grown mostly outdoors, the lemon is quite cold and does not tolerate places that are too windy. So just leave the lemon outdoors for 7 to 8 hours and the highest point is 12 hours on beautiful days.

The location of lemon pots is best to have two faces exposed to sunlight in the East and South, or the West and South. Place the potted plant in the most sunny position possible.

Pruning and pruning roots

Pruning helps plants grow luxuriant and easier to correct more fruit. However, this should only be done when a new development season begins. Special note, only pruned with pests, died because if pruning too much can cause the tree to bear horns.

Besides, you should also pay attention to some strange branches, they often grow directly from the main stem, and suck up the nutrients of the plants, so they must be removed immediately.

By the time you change the pot, you should also prune the root of the lemon tree, so when you prune the lemon, the lemon will quickly bloom.

With suggestions on how to grow lemon in this pot, you will have the wrong lemon tree, hand-picking fruits. Good luck.

Types of ornamental plants for indoor use are easy to grow

Bonsai market is a very lively market, to choose for themselves a kind of ornamental plants that are easy to grow, beautiful and not easy. To help you solve the problem, this article will summarize the top 12 ornamental plants at home, not only that, but these 12 trees are also suitable for busy people, do not have much time to take care of the tree.

1. Ivy tree

At the top of the list of easy-to-plant ornamental plants, remind the shrub of ivy. Spring does not require much light to grow. They are suitable for planting hedges, planting pots or hanging rolls. An indoor pot can absorb volatile organic compounds or air pollutants created by computers or electronic devices that can cause headaches and nausea.

2. Female hair goddess tree

The female hairdresser does not need much care compared to other furniture plants. They grow best in a shady place, with adequate moisture and light. Spirit hair is a bonsai that likes soil that has a moisturizing ability, so under a pot it can hold a tray of water underneath to keep the moisture stable.

The magic hair plant is suitable for growing in small ornamental pots and rockery. The landlord can also put on a decorative table, larger pots can be placed on windows, paths or living rooms, office trees.

3. Spider wire tree

The leaves of small spider plants are soft and elegant. Spider-string plants are indoor ornamental plants, which are hanging hanging plants that are common in indoor furnishing. Spider trees can hang in windows or on walls. Because the root system of the plants is very good, the drought tolerance is high so there is no need to worry too much even during long periods of absence.

Spider wire plants are capable of absorbing harmful gases in the house for a short time. It can convert airborne carcinogenic gases such as formic Aldehyde into sugar and ammonium acid.

Spider strings – an extremely cute tree that is of interest to many families. How about you? If you are interested in this cute little bonsai, click Now Here. An elaborate guide and useful information about the spider wire tree will be revealed to you.

4. The betel nut tree

The betel nut tree has an air-born root, heart-shaped leaves. The branches of the betel nut were long and drooping. Small and medium-sized trees can be placed on top of a cabinet, on a desk, hanging next to a window so that the leaves are gently lowered.

Her betel nut is one of the most popular easy-to-grow ornamental plants. Plants help clean indoor air. Leaving plants next to electronic devices will absorb radioactive substances emitted from computers, TVs, printers.

5. Tiger blade tree

Plants are easy to live, so it is suitable for people who have less time to care. Tiger blade tree is an interior tree in the house or is chosen as a gift for relatives, friends, partners to wish good luck, celebrate housewarming, celebrate the fortune of the fortune-teller.

Plants also have detoxifying effects, because they filter gases like formaldehyde. Because formaldehyde evaporates mainly from personal hygiene products, the tiger blade will be most effective when placed in the bathroom.

6. Perpetual tree

Perennial plants are grassy plants, long creeping, soft and cylindrical bodies, with many parasitic roots, easy to grow and propagate. Perpetual perennial plants still green, the winter leaves without wilting should be considered a sandy tree species, widely used in garden decoration, miniatures with many advantages.

In feng shui, perpetual bar is suitable for people working in the field of investment, business, securities investment or open new markets, new fields.

7. Aloe tree

Aloe vera, also known as aloe vera, is a perennial herb. Aloe leaf is green, sessile, closely spaced, dark, 3-sided, thick edges and serrated. Planting aloe as an ornamental plant in the home and at work helps purify the air because the plant can absorb formic aldehyde, carbonic and carbondioxide.

Families should plant at least one aloe vera in the home because it not only has a beauty effect but is also very good for human health.

8. Sour tree

The sorghum is a wild plant that grows and grows very fast. The tree has small, green, succulent leaves. For families with little time, a Thai basket hanging from the window will help purify the air as well as cool green houses.

9. Ball string plant hanging

Ball chain is a herbaceous plant with a soft branch, beautiful shape. The leaves of the ball chain grow dense on the branches, small leaves are cylindrical about 1-3cm long, succulent and pointed at the tip of the leaves. Ball chain is a light-demanding tree with low water demand, so it has high drought tolerance. Ball chain has asexual reproduction characteristics, when fallen leaves on the ground will give roots and create new individuals.

10. Landscape plants

Ornamental plants have thick leaves, dark green, have many secondary roots and are easy to grow. The tree is suitable for the family room location. A sapling can be grown from branches, branches, even cut branches soaked in water. People often use sap to make bonsai trees. When grown indoors, si works to purify the toxins in the air.

11. Italian orchid plant (white).

This plant is grown in many families, they look very beautiful with white curved flowers that stand out on the background of dark green leaves. Moreover, this plant is very easy to grow. Italian orchids are suitable for environments with low humidity, low light, so it is best to plant in a room with few windows. They also love to plant in pots with moist soil.

12. Money Tree

And finally when it comes to plants that are easily grown at home, there is no shortage of cash. With its unique appearance, smooth glossy leaves and durable and durable vitality, money needles are the choice of many owners who do not have much time in cultivating bonsai. This is a suitable choice for office or desk.

So you have chosen for yourself a kind of ornamental plant that has not been grown at home yet. Please choose for our house a beautiful bonsai.

Techniques of planting Thien ly flower plants

Techniques for growing flowers in Thien Ly according to two methods of cuttings or planting with seeds are quite simple, anyone can grow without losing too much time to care.

Techniques for planting Thien Hoa flower are quite favorable for growers as they can adapt to many different weather conditions from temperate climate to subtropical climate.

The flower of Thien Ly is also known by the other name, the flower of the flower of the incense. The physiological tree has a soft, woody body, heart-shaped leaves with flowers growing in bunches in the leaf axils. This is a flower with a mild scent, delicious soup, so many families choose to plant around the garden.

Appropriate temperature for planting Thien Ly flowers

Thien Ly flower grows strongly in spring or autumn when the temperature is about 20 to 35 degrees C. The plant is suitable for growing places with lots of light and ventilation. In particular, Thien Ly flower plant can be grown on many different types of soil but must ensure moisture must be kept right. If the plant is drought for a long time, it will grow slowly and not flower.

Choose the flower of Thien Ly flower

Like other plants, breeding is an important stage and so is Thien Ly. Therefore, when choosing seeds without disease, the ball has to choose a minimum diameter of 6 to 7mm, if 10mm is best.

Techniques of planting Thien ly flower plants

In order to grow normal physiological flowers, people will use cuttings, so the tree is very fast growing. But first, it is necessary to carry out the nursery, so choose sandy soil and incubate in a well-ventilated, quick-draining water. The first is the ash or ashes to prevent plastic flow, dehydration and antiseptic, and then cultivate into the prepared pit. Then put the manure under the bottom to provide the source of nutrition for the root. When planting remember to put the tip of the nursery to the ground 10cm and then plug the stick for climbing plants, just let 2 sprouts into rope to climb the truss.

Because it is a trellis, it is quite important to do rigging and to create a cool and shady look to see the eyes of the bright yellow flower petals, the sweet and fragrant fragrance. Depending on the conditions as well as the needs of the growers, making rigs with iron frames or bamboo frames is exempted as long as it helps Thien Ly climb faster and produce more flowers.

The plant is moist but does not tolerate water logging, so when there is a stagnant water, it is necessary to quickly drain the water if the tree quickly dies. The top dressing is only done when the vines are 2 meters high, at which time the root system has developed. Do not water directly and root but about 60cm or the plants will get fecal poisoning.

Regularly proactively take the branch off the rig. Avoid branching together. Regularly prune old leaves, incubate and re-fertilize the plants. From the second year on, every year cut all small wires and leaves into Eastern period to kill pathogens and prevent cold.

Pests and diseases and ways to eradicate for Thien Ly plants

Flower planting techniques Thien’s biggest headache is preventing aphids. This type of disease is quite dangerous if not destroyed promptly because they will make the tree unable to flower. Therefore, it is necessary to check daily from the beginning of the leaves, immediately kill by hand, if many must use a broom broom. Especially when the flowering tree needs to be closely monitored to see if it is in the bud if not, then use sharp toothpicks to kill the bugs.

In addition, attention should be paid to black fungal diseases such as soot and soot called soot, growing on leaves and wires. This disease causes the plant to melt and weaken. Prevention by trimming the leaves, not too thick. In addition, the lime water phase sweeping on the wire with soot will be very effective.

The way for the flower of flowers to proliferate over the years

In addition to applying the right techniques of planting Thien Thien flowers, if you know how to take good care of flowers, they will bloom all year round. Since winter comes to a stop growing tree, cut off the side branches and leave the main branch. Through cold winter to spring, the main branches will re-sprout new and continue to grow for flowers next year. With such a simple step, just plant a Thien Ly flower crop for your whole family to eat year after year without spending too much effort.

Above are the technical steps to plant Thien Ly flowers most basic for the three housewives referring. In order to grow the true God-like platform, please equip yourself with more knowledge through books, other people’s planting experience or it is better through technical experts to plant flowers, planting techniques Fruit to apply into practice effectively.

Instructions for choosing bonsai pots

Planting pots not only help to support plants, is a place to store soil and nutrients for plants to grow. With the unique color and design of the pots will help your plants stand out, attract attention. For pots to ensure two tasks above you need to choose the right product to grow beautiful ornamental pots for the house space is very impressive. There are many types of pots on the market such as porcelain, ceramic and cement.

Principle of choosing decorative bonsai pots

When choosing plastic bonsai pots with many factors to consider, color elements play an important role. You need to select the color of the pot so that it does not coincide with the color of the leaves, flowers or fruit of the plant to bring out the fruit to the fruit tree, or the color of the leaf to the leaf-trunk. If for plants you should not choose green pots but need to choose white to float the stem and leaves, and for pots with red flowers like roses, you need to choose a pot of green, gold will match the color Red of rose.

The principle that you need to remember is to rely on the size of the tree to select the pot accordingly. Often you should use the opposite principle that for low plants use high pots and vice versa, tall plants use low pots. Because of that, it will create a balance and harmony for the overall plant pots.

Place to place decorative bonsai pots

When placing pots to plant plants, pay attention to the light, wind and air factors as well as the humidity. The light needed for photosynthesis, but not all plants have the same lighting needs, there are many trees with few trees, light-loving plants, strong light-loving plants.

In general, potted plants need at least 5 hours of lighting, preferably in the morning. In addition to light, temperature and wind are also factors that affect the growth and development of plants. So you need to learn carefully to have any kind of plants suitable for the environment how to choose the appropriate pots.

And one more thing to note is that you need to avoid placing pots directly on the ground, because it can get ants, earthworms, termites, insects peeping through the pelvic holes, penetrating and destroying plants. It is best to create a shelf that is about 60cm tall from the ground, both easy to care for and avoid the above trait. With sharing on you will choose the appropriate pots to get beautiful bonsai pots decorated for your home space.

Beautiful flowers bloom all year round

You are a nature lover and especially a bonsai flower. You want your garden to be filled with the fragrance of flowers. Don’t worry, the following suggestions will introduce you to the beautiful flowering flowers all year round to give you the pleasure to watch.

Bonsai flowers are an indispensable thing in human life. They not only help beautify your space and create a relaxed and relaxing feeling, but also purify the air to help protect human health. Many types of ornamental plants are beautiful but only bloom in each season. There are many types of flowers that can bloom all year round to give you the freedom to watch them.

Geographical apricot flowers bloom all year round

It is hard to have any kind of blooming and beautiful flowers in clusters like draft apricot flowers. This plant is also known as the pearl. They possess in their soft and gentle beauty but equally exciting by the pink of the flowers. Brocade apricot blossom when blooming will simultaneously bloom both single and double wings, making your flower pot look like beautiful pink orbs.

This plant looks so fragile but easy to take care of and shower. Flowers will bloom throughout the year if you plant the correct technique.

Bougainvillea flowers bloom all year round

The delicate paper petals are as pure as a thin sheet of paper but with strong vitality and for year-round flowers. Bougainvillea gives a lot of colors like orange, pink, white, purple etc. quite beautiful. Woody plants are easy to grow and malleable. In the dry summer, the flowers bloom more and more like a colorful array of flowers on the branches. With good drought tolerance. Bougainvillea will be the perfect choice for you to plant in the balcony, in front of the yard where the sun is shining.

Flower petals are most blooming throughout the year

Oatmeal is a soft-bodied plant and is often grown in more beautiful pots for your home space. Flower petals for flowers all year round with different colors spoiled for choice. Moreover, the tree also has a type of shrub and vines. Depending on your planting area, you can give the yogurt flowers to climb or grow into beautiful dust.

This plant is easy to grow and is less prone to insects. You can plant trees directly in the pots of balconies or planted in small pots hung up, soft flowers drooping very beautiful.


Already a flower, it must be brilliantly true to refer to this kind of flower. The flower of the scallop has a soft, muscular cow body with one-color blue flowers that look extremely attractive. With petals like butterflies fluttering on a very lovely tree branch will adorn your living space more beautiful and gorgeous.

This flower prefers abundant light and high humidity. It seems that the more sunlight is picked up, the more beautiful and colorful the flower colors are. The plant is suitable for planting in pots or hanging on the balcony on the balcony where the sun will be more beautiful.

Rose climbing

It would be lacking if not to include those pinks in this list. With wild and arrogant beauty and passionate fragrance. Climbing roses bloom throughout the year and produce lots of flowers, which will make your family’s living space full of pleasant and beautiful fragrance.

In addition, this flower is also rich in colors such as pink lotus petals, pink rose, red rose, white rose, orange pink, so it is suitable for growing in trellises, fences or balconies of tall buildings.

Flowers million bells

As soon as the name also partly said the shape of this kind of flower as the beautiful little bell. Herbaceous plants bloom in full color and flowers are extremely wrong if planted properly. The tree has good heat and rain resistance, so it is very suitable for planting in our country. Not only does the plant produce the strongest flowers in the summer, it seems that the flowers of this plant are also pretty much all year round. Plants will grow well if you give them an airy space with plenty of daylight.

Flower snowflake

This is a pretty special flower with two main colors, purple and white. Tiny flowers often grow in the striking blue sky, attracting glances. This is the right kind of flower to grow in the balcony to increase the beauty and help the plant receive the most light. The tree is quite easy-going and does not need much care but the leaves and flowers still grow thickly. In addition, you can plant in pots hanging high to decorate is quite beautiful.

Periwinkle flowers

Coconuts are easy to grow, can flower all year round. They are a kind of flower that is suitable for planting into carpets or you can plant in pots or hanging baskets in the balcony. Coconuts come in many colors like white, purple, pink, and red.

Dizzy eyes

This flower is also known as velvet flower. They were originally perennial herbaceous exotic plants with an average height of up to 2.5m. The legendary eye tree has twin branches with heart-shaped leaves or arrows. It is suitable for sunlight or half shade.

The flower of the dark eye is quite unique and lovely. Flowers are capable of blooming all year round and for very strong vines, you need little care. If you have no idea what kind of flower you want to grow, velvet velvet will be the right choice for you.

The above is the kind of flowers blooming all year round that we want to introduce to you. Each type of flower with its own beauty and flavor is very suitable for you to decorate your garden. Wish you will own a beautiful garden with blooming flowers all year round.

Introduce and guide how to grow sprouts

Sprouts contain many essential nutrients and fiber for the body. There are many types of seeds that can grow sprouts, but you need to know what kind of sprouts should be grown and grown to ensure the health of the whole family.

What is sprouts?

Sprouts are new young plants that grow sprouts without soil. Most cases of natural seeds are nutritious enough to germinate and produce two small cotyledons before needing light and soil to grow. Sprouts are very succulent, soft and used throughout the plant, including leaves, deep and easy to sprout. Sprouts are also a great choice for sandwiches and salads.

How to grow sprouts does not need soil at home

1. Prepare tools and materials

Choose sprouts seeds

Should choose seeds specialized for growing sprouts of clear origin. Absolutely do not buy common or unidentified vegetable seeds because these seeds often contain preservatives.

You can grow sprouts with seeds such as white radish, choysum, broccoli, spinach, and spinach.

Planting land (substrate)

Through many scientific experiments the substrate away from coconut fiber dust has been treated to be the best due to its superior properties.

The amount of use is very small for each planting and can be reused many times.

If the foam tray is used (40cm x 50cm x 7cm) as a norm, 2kg of substrate and 30 to 40g of seed are required.

It is common to use coconut fiber as a base to grow sprouts because it contains all the nutrients and it is light so it is easy to transport and use.


Can use many different materials. But the most convenient and easy to use is the foam tray.


Depending on the size of the tray, close the shelf to the appropriate size. Can be closed wooden shelves or iron shelves.

Lined paper

Use soft tissue to line the surface of the substrate before sowing so that after harvest, it will not stick to the vegetables.

Can use soft paper or paper purchased in the code.


The cover is used to cover the surface of the tray for the first 1 to 2 days before sowing.


Use a sprinkler with a sprinkler to irrigate. Steps to grow vegetables.

2. How to grow sprouts

a. Soak seeds

Only take about 2 – 3 tablespoons of seed because then the seedling will grow and occupy enough area of ​​your jar and planting tray. Washed seeds soaked in warm water (45 to 500 degrees) for 2 hours to 5 hours (depending on the type of seeds: long-soaked shells, thin seeds soaked in less time).

For leafy vegetables

Broccoli, spinach, salads: Soak for 3 to 5 hours, incubate for 8 to 12 hours. Ham, spinach: soak for 3 to 5 hours, incubate for 12 to 36 hours.

For spices vegetables

Marjoram, perilla: soak for 3 to 8 hours, incubate for 12 to 14 hours. Need, chives, onions, coriander: soak for about 8 to 12 hours, incubate for 12 to 24 hours.

For fruits and vegetables

Luffa, squash, gourd, eggplant, tomato, cucumber: Soak for 5 to 8 hours, incubate for 12 to 14 hours. Okra: Soak for 8 to 12 hours, incubate for 12 to 14 hours. Dragon beans, bitter melon: soak for 12 to 14 hours, incubate for 24 to 48 hours.

Soaking seeds so that after soaking, we can remove the seeds, deep seeds. Then take out and drain. The purpose of seed drying is to make it easy to sow.

b. Make a base

Styrofoam tray for the base can be about 2 to 3cm thick. Make the surface flat to avoid cornering when sowing. Then spray water to wet the substrate. Spread absorbent paper over the surface of the substrate and spray the second water.

The purpose of spreading absorbent paper is to prevent the substrate from sticking to the tree causing contamination when harvested.

c. Drills

Sow seeds with your hands evenly on the surface of the substrate. Sowing density depends on the type of seed, but averages about 10 grams of seeds on an area of ​​40 square meters of substrate.

Spray water lightly again. Use a rigid cover of the tray surface for 2 days.

d. Take care of trees

After 2 to 3 days of germinating seeds, transfer the tray to a place with plenty of light or light, avoid direct sunlight and direct rain.

Water every day with a sprayer, twice a day early in the morning and in the afternoon, spray evenly on the tray.

e. Harvest

Use a sharp knife to cut the root of the sprout vegetable (or pull the vegetable off the ground, cut off the roots with scissors). Rinse with clean water and use immediately.

Note: if the vegetables are not used immediately, do not wash them but put them in a bag in the cooler of the refrigerator. You can store them in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days.

Sprouts must be grown in a cool place with lots of light but not grown in areas with sunlight, direct rain and drafts. 1 to 2 days after sowing the Carton paper, spray the mist lightly enough to wet the tray face. 1 day before harvesting reduce irrigation or stop watering depending on the moisture content of the substrate.

Guide to growing salad vegetables at home

Lettuce is a herbaceous plant and is a common name for a raw vegetable. Lettuce has many kinds such as: fatty lettuce, fried lettuce is large, green lotus lettuce, purple lotus lettuce. With the advantage of simple tree planting without much care cost and high yield.

Trees are adaptable to all conditions of the area of ​​land, so people can grow them in foam boxes, placed on the balcony or balcony can be. Each box of vegetables not only bring people the convenience, beautiful beauty, but also provide sources of vegetables, safe, ensure the health of users.

Preparation of materials

Tray planted

Can use the household items, or equipped with plastic tray system, box size 40 x 60 x 15 cm for planting (note: soil layer when grown in the tray should have a thickness of> = 10 cm ).


Buy pre-packaged beverages prepared by professional suppliers. When used if left over, seal the mouth of the package and store it in the cooler or in the refrigerator compartment of the refrigerator.


Should choose open air, direct light to grow leaf vegetables. Can be placed on the balcony floor, or use the truss system. The trusses are separated by a minimum distance of 40 cm.


It is recommended to use composted organic compost. It is possible to use inorganic fertilizers but should isolate 15-20 days after the new fertilizer application to reduce the nitrate in vegetables.

Prepare the land

It is possible to use commercially available clean land, or mixed with coconuts – organic fertilizer (compost) – microorganisms (mixed soil) and then put into the sponge tray, Wet mixed soil mixed then sowing.


Lettuce is very small, has a thin shell so no need to immerse as other seeds that can be sprayed directly on the surface of the tray then sprinkle humidifying seed germination (1gram / tray) .

After sowing seeds, place the tray in the dark or use a dark cover for the tray, allowing seeds to germinate (this may take 1-2 days depending on weather conditions and grain quality). It is possible to use a mixture of soil to cover the seeds after sowing (coating thickness ≤ 2 cm).

Sow seeds in rows, about 0.3 cm to 0.6 cm deep. Then, fill up the soil and water. Specifically, for the leaf lettuce, the spacing of seedlings is 8 cm to 20 cm, the spacing for growing lettuce and Romaine lettuce is 15 cm to 20 cm, and the spacing of lettuce is the furthest distance. , about 30 cm.

How to care for plants after sowing


In the morning sunlight is irrigated twice a day in the early morning and late afternoon. Rainy season depends on the weather that irrigate water to make many stunted trees do not grow. For young vegetables when it is raining to prevent waterlogging.

Tile and to the tray

This is a step to create space, provide nutrients to help vegetables grow faster and shorten the harvest time. When the lettuce leaves have two pairs of leaves, they can be eaten (or eaten) or plucked from another vegetable or tray so that the plants can grow faster. Set the tray, thinning by the distance of the tree is 10 cm in rows of 15 cm.